High Cholesterol Specialist

Joshua Medical Group

Family Medicine Practice & Medical Aesthetics Practice located in Palmdale, CA

Men and women with high cholesterol are more at risk of a stroke or heart attack, making regular cholesterol testing from Gonzalo Martinez, MD at Joshua Medical Group vital for maintaining their cardiovascular health. During an examination at his Palmdale, California office, men and women receive routine blood testing to detect and manage high cholesterol. Book an appointment with Dr. Martinez using his online form or by calling his office to prevent severe complications.

High Cholesterol Q & A

What is high cholesterol?

Your body needs cholesterol to build healthy cells, but if you have too much of this waxy substance in your blood, you have high cholesterol. High cholesterol is dangerous because the substance deposits in your blood vessels, and as the deposits continue accumulating in your arteries, it becomes difficult for blood to pass through them.

You have two forms of cholesterol in your system that must remain at certain levels. One cholesterol is low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which causes your arteries to harden and narrow. The other is high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is the beneficial cholesterol that removes excess fat deposits in your bloodstream and returns them to your liver.

What causes high cholesterol?

An unhealthy diet, as well as inactivity and obesity, contribute to the onset of high cholesterol. Genetic factors, like how much beneficial cholesterol your body makes, also play a role.  

Men and women who have a large waist circumference are more at risk. Smoking is a contributing factor too, since it damages the walls of your arteries, making them more susceptible to fatty deposit build-up. Not to mention, it’s possible that smoking will lower your good cholesterol.

Additionally, men and women who have diabetes may have a higher LDL cholesterol in addition to a lower HDL cholesterol level. A high amount of sugar in your blood also damages the lining of your arteries.  

How does a doctor diagnose high cholesterol?

As part of a routine yearly examination, Dr. Martinez performs a lipid profile to determine your levels of LDL and HDL cholesterol to ensure they’re at healthy levels. Dr. Martinez asks men and women to fast at least 12 hours before the test to receive the most accurate results.

Another test Dr. Martinez may conduct is an imaging test known as a carotid ultrasound, which determines whether you have a blockage or narrowing of your carotid arteries, the two main arteries that deliver blood from your brain to your heart.

What is the treatment for high cholesterol?

Exercise and diet changes are the first steps to managing your cholesterol. If these aren’t enough, Dr. Martinez may prescribe a statin, bile-acid-binding resin, cholesterol absorption inhibitor, or an injectable drug to lower the cholesterol circulating in your blood.

Contact Dr. Martinez via his scheduling took or by calling 661-273-1614 to book an appointment to monitor and regulate your cholesterol.