High Blood Pressure Specialist

Joshua Medical Group

Family Medicine Practice & Medical Aesthetics Practice located in Palmdale, CA

High blood pressure is known as a silent killer since men and women who have it don’t usually have symptoms. But with a routine screening from Gonzalo Martinez, MD, both men and women can receive treatment at Joshua Medical Group. At his office in Palmdale, California, Dr. Martinez prescribes medications and lifestyle changes to help prevent a heart attack, stroke, or other complications caused by high blood pressure. Book an appointment with Dr. Martinez through his online form or by calling his office to detect high blood pressure as soon as possible.

High Blood Pressure Q & A

Joshua Medical Group

What is high blood pressure?

High blood pressure is a condition that occurs when blood presses up against the walls of your arteries forcefully.

You more than likely won’t experience any signs or symptoms from it, even if your blood pressure reaches a dangerous level. You may develop headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds, but it’s more common for these to occur when your blood pressure reaches dangerously high levels.

What causes high blood pressure?

If you have primary high blood pressure -- meaning it doesn’t result from an underlying condition -- some factors increase your risk, such as:

  • Age
  • Race  
  • Using tobacco
  • Too much sodium
  • Too little potassium
  • Consuming too much alcohol
  • Family history
  • High levels of stress
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Living a sedentary lifestyle
  • Certain chronic conditions like diabetes and kidney disease

Secondary high blood pressure develops due to an underlying condition, such as:

  • Thyroid problems
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Adrenal gland tumor
  • Kidney problems
  • Certain medications like birth control
  • Illicit drugs like cocaine and amphetamines
  • Congenital disabilities in the blood vessels

How does a physician diagnose high blood pressure?

The first number in your blood pressure reading is the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats (systolic), and the second is the pressure in between beats (diastolic). An average blood pressure reading is below 120/80. If your systolic is 130 or higher, and your diastolic is 90 or higher, you may require treatment.   

It’s critical for Dr. Martinez to measure your blood pressure during routine examinations, and he continuously monitors them if you have high blood pressure. He may perform one of the following as well:

  • Blood test to measure electrolytes, creatinine levels, or blood urea nitrogen
  • Urine test for electrolytes and hormones
  • Hormone testing
  • Lipid profile
  • Ultrasound of your kidneys

How does a physician treat high blood pressure?

Diet and lifestyle changes, like lowering your sodium intake and getting physical activity, are the first course of action. If these don’t help, Dr. Martinez may prescribe one of the following medications:

  • Thiazide diuretics
  • Angio-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Alpha blockers
  • Alpha-beta blockers
  • Beta-blockers
  • Aldosterone antagonists
  • Renin inhibitors
  • Vasodilators
  • Central-acting agents

Use the scheduling tool or call the office to book a routine blood pressure screening to prevent a heart attack or stroke.