Diabetes Specialist

Joshua Medical Group

Family Medicine Practice & Medical Aesthetics Practice located in Palmdale, CA

Chronic fatigue, frequent urination, and nerve damage are issues that Gonzalo Martinez, MD hears about at Joshua Medical Group from men and women who have diabetes. When men and women come into his Palmdale, California office with these complaints, he provides them with diagnostic testing and various treatment options to diagnose and manage their blood sugar levels. Schedule an appointment with Dr. Martinez using his online contact form or by calling his office today if you suspect you have diabetes.

Diabetes Q & A

Joshua Medical Group

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition when your body either doesn’t produce an adequate amount of insulin or is resistant to it. Insulin is the hormone released by your pancreas that helps your body break down the sugar you consume. When your body can’t break down the carbohydrates you ingest, the sugar accumulates in your bloodstream, leading to diabetes.

Most people who have diabetes -- 90% to be exact -- have type II diabetes, which can develop during childhood or adulthood. It’s unclear why type II diabetes occurs, but genetics, obesity, and inactivity play a role.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

After you have diabetes, you may experience frequent urination and increased thirst due to the excess sugar accumulating in your bloodstream and pulling fluid from your tissue. As you drink more to compensate, you produce more urine.

Your cells aren’t receiving enough energy when you have diabetes, so you feel hungry frequently. Even though you feel hungry constantly, you might experience weight loss because your body uses muscle and fat for energy instead of sugar.

Other possible symptoms of diabetes include the following:

  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Darkened areas of skin
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Frequent infections

How does a physician diagnose diabetes?

The three possible blood tests Dr. Martinez may use to diagnose diabetes include:

  • AlC to measure your average blood sugar level over the course of the last two to three months
  • Fasting blood glucose level to measure your blood sugar after you fast for at least eight hours before your test
  • Random plasma glucose (RPG) given to evaluate your blood sugar level whether you ate or not

It’s also possible for Dr. Martinez to use an ultrasound to examine your liver for fat accumulation around it or renal crystals because both can develop along with diabetes. He may use any of the tests above to monitor diabetes, as well.

What treatments does a doctor use to manage diabetes?

Diet and lifestyle changes alone adequately regulate blood sugar levels if you have a mild case of diabetes or prediabetes. If those changes aren’t enough, Dr. Martinez may recommend one or more of the following medications:

  • Insulin
  • Meglitinides
  • Biguanides
  • Sulfonylureas
  • DPP-4 inhibitors
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • Bile acid sequestrants
  • SGLT-2 inhibitors

Contact Dr. Martinez by using the online scheduling tool or calling his office to diagnose and manage your diabetes.